Avocado is a large fleshy pear-shaped berry. It has a single large seed surrounded by buttery pulp and a hard skin.
The avocado originated in Central America. The early Spanish explorers recorded its cultivation from Mexico to Peru. Avocados are now grown in most tropical and subtropical countries including South Africa and Australia.
The avocado contain more fat than any other fruit except the Olive. It's fat is of highest quality, free from the unpleasant butyric acid with which many fats are contaminated. It contains sufficient amount of Vitamin A to maintain high resistance against bacterial infection, a quality possessed by very few vegetable fats.
The macronutrients present in each 100g of avocado are protein 1.7%, fats 22.8%, moisture 73.6%, minerals 1.1% and carbohydrates 0.8%.
The micronutrient content of 100g of avocado has calcium 10 mg, phosphorus 80mg, iron 0.7mg, vitamin A 290 iu. It also contains sufficient amount of vitamin E and small amount of vitamin C and vitamin B complex.
The protein if Avocado is of finest quality and is much superior to the protein present in bread and other fruits.
The avocado is excellent food remedy in acute digestive disorder. It's blandness is comforting to the hypersensitive surface of the stomach and duodenum and the vitamins in it helps in regenerating the inflamed cells of the of the stomach lining.
It also helps in changing the intestinal Flora and helps in colitis and biliousness.
In case of hyper acidity, avocado as well as ripened papaya should be used as a staple diet. These two fruits are also good to eat during duodenitis and duodenal ulcers, as they are bland and soothing to the sensitive membrane and can pass quickly into the intestine.
The avocado is far superior to any mouth lotion and remedies for bad breath. It effectively removes intestine waste and the decomposition which causes coated tongue and bad breath.
The avocado is very useful as a staple food in both acute and chronic nephritis due to its small protein content.
The oil of avocado is considered beneficial in treatment of psoriasis. It should be applied gently to the affected parts. It helps in removing the scales.
Avocado contribute in eye health as they contain Mono unsaturated fatty acids and lutein and zeaxanthin, both of these antioxidants are essential for eye health.
Avocado is used in the preparation of cosmetics. Wide range of beauty products with an avocado base are now available. These includes cream, cleansers, moisturisers to prevent the ageing effect of dehydration, skin foods, bath oil, shampoo which give a rich lather and act as a scalp conditioner and revitalize dull hair.
Avocados become sour when cooked and cannot successfully survive freezing. They should be eaten raw and as fresh as possible. If they have to be kept for a short time, they should be stored at room temperature.